Windows Server RS3: IIS Meets Apache

With the implementation of Windows Subsystem for Linux, many new scenarios will are available for all IT Admins. One of these is use IIS and Apache in the same box; don’t forget that Apache is already available for Windows but the idea is use the native base (Linux). I had showed how to install and configure Linux on Windows Server RS3, so in this article we will see the configuration of Internet Information Services and Apache on Linux.

 

Install IIS

To enable IIS, use this script:

 

Install-WindowsFeature -Name NET-Framework-45-ASPNET

Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server,Web-WebServer,Web-Common-Http,Web-Default-Doc,Web-Dir-Browsing,Web-Http-Errors,Web-Static-Content,Web-Http-Redirect,Web-Health, Web-Http-Logging,Web-Log-Libraries,Web-Request-Monitor,Web-Performance,Web-Stat-Compression,Web-Security,Web-Filtering,Web-Basic-Auth,Web-Windows-Auth,Web-App-Dev,Web-Net-Ext,Web-Net-Ext45,Web-Asp-Net,Web-Asp-Net45,Web-CGI,Web-ISAPI-Ext,Web-ISAPI-Filter

 

After the procedure, test the result from browser, as showed in figure 1.

 

Figure 1 – IIS Running

 

Create Site

Depends by your confidence with PowerShell, but you can work via line or it is also possible upload web files via Explorer – figure 2.

 

Figure 2 – Remote Folders

 

Create a new folder and upload contents. Now it’s time to create the new site, with this script:

 

New-IISSite -Name “Inside Tech Lab” -PhysicalPath “C:\inetpub\wwwroot\InsideTechLab\” -BindingInformation “*:80:www.insideweb.net” -Verbose

 

The record www.insideweb.net must be present into host file or in your DNS Server. Test the result from browser – figure 3.

 

Figure 3 – Site Running in IIS

 

Install Apache

For this article, I will use Ubuntu. If you want to know how to install WSL, check my article here.

 

To simplify future task, I use tasksel that install the entire LAMP (Linux Apache MySQL PHP) stack.

 

apt install tasksel

tasksel install lamp-server

 

Run the command service apache2 status to check if the engine is up, in case use service apache2 start to enable the service.

 

Configure Firewall

Two web engines in the same machine can survive but is necessary assign a dedicated port to respond and this can be done with a new firewall rule. In this case I want to add a new port (81) and assign all new call to Apache. This cmdlet creates a new exception rule:

 

New-NetFirewallRule -Name “Custom Apache HTTP 81″ -DisplayName ” Apache 81″ -Protocol TCP -LocalPort 81 -Action Allow

 

Configure Apache

To allow call from port 81, is necessary reconfigure file /etc/apache2/ports.conf and change the variable Listen from 80 to 81, as showed in figure 4.

 

Figure 4 – Change Port

 

Last step is reconfigure the file default web site configuration file. Before, remove the binding with command a2dissite 000-default.conf. now you can run command nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf and change the variable VirtualHost to *:81, as showed in figure 5.

 

Figure 5 – Change VirtualHost

 

Run a2ensite 000-default.conf and also service apache2 restart to apply changes. Test the result from browser – figure 6.

 

Figure 6 – Site Running

 

Create Site

Linux is not Windows and some steps must be followed. First create a new folder and assign the permission:

 

mkdir -p /var/www/ insidetechlab

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/insidetechlab

 

Content can be copied via bash or via Windows Explorer (\\10.10.1.62\c$\Linux\Ubuntu\rootfs\var\www).

 

Duplicate the config file from /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf with command cp 000-default.conf insidetechlab.conf – edit this file and add these variables:

 

ServerName www2.insideweb.net

ServerAlias www2.insideweb.net

DocumentRoot /var/www/insidetechlab

 

Figure 7 – Personalize site.conf

 

Run a2ensite insidetechlab.conf and also service apache2 restart to apply changes. Test the result from browser – figure 8.

 

Figure 8 – Site Running in Apache

 

Conclusions

This is a great way to use one single machine to run different web engine. Some applications requires Apache on Linux to works fine and with Windows Server there will be the possibility to reduce the hardware cost.

 

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